Process of Registering an FIR

The first step of investigation of any criminal case is to register an FIR. Police investigate the case after FIR is filed. But, there are some cases where it is heard that the police did not register an FIR or no person has registered it. Complete information about the FIR in the Code of Penalty Procedure, 1973. You should know what is the process of filing an FIR, what things to pay attention to, what rights do you have and what should you do if police refuse to file an FIR. This is what we are telling you about today.

What is the FIR?

When police are informed of a cognizable offense, the first written document they produce is called the First Information Report (FIR). Its name itself shows that when police get first information about an incident, FIR is its first report. This is usually a report written by a victim after a complaint. Any person can complain to the police about the crime committed against himself or close ones in verbal or written. Complaints can also be made via call to police. Police have the right to arrest a person in cognitive offense. They are authorized to investigate the case too. They don’t need permission from court for this. Police neither have the right to arrest a person nor can they investigate the case in unsensible offense.

What is the importance of FIR?

FIR is the most important document in the investigation of crimes and cases, and further legal action will be taken based on it. Police will only begin investigating the case after writing the FIR.

Who can file an FIR?

Anyone who comes to know about a suspicious case can report the FIR to the nearest police station. A police officer has the option of filing a FIR on his own if he learns of a cognitive offense. If you have had an incident, if you know you have committed a crime undauntedly, were there on the occasion of the incident, you can still file an FIR.

What is the process of filing an FIR?

FIR is mentioned in section 154 of the Penal Code of Procedure, 1973. When a person verbally reports an incident / incident / crime, police write it down. You are required to sign after the police have written the information you have provided. Only when you are confident that the information the police have recorded is accurate and that your comments or facts have not been tampered with can you sign this report. After registering the FIR, you must get a copy of it. It is your right to obtain a FIR copy completely free of charge.

What kind of information should be given in FIR?

FIR needs to know your name, address, date, time, report location, and more. True information and facts about the incident / incident / crime, names of and other information of involved. When submitting a FIR, you must not provide any false information or facts. You may be prosecuted for this under Section 203 of Indian Criminal Code 1860.

What should one do if FIR is not registered?

You can complain to the Superintendent of Police (SP) or higher, the Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG), and the Inspector General of Police if your FIR is not being lodged in the police station. Complaints can be mailed by post to these personnel in writing.

When can the police not investigate the case even after filing an FIR?

Police do not investigate the case after you filed an FIR, when the case is not too serious or the police feel that there is no sufficient reason for the investigation of the case. However, this takes police to record why they are not investigating the matter. They even need to inform you about this.